The successor of India’s 13th President, Pranab Mukherjee, NDA candidate Ram Nath Kovind (71), recently been elected as the country’s new President of India (14th). He has defeated former Lok Sabha speaker, Meira Kumar after receiving 65.6%, translating into 702,044 electoral college votes into his account. He in as Indian President on 25th July 2017.
With this appointment,
- He became the second Dalit leader after 10th President KR Narayanan (1997-2002).
- The first BJP member to be elected as President.
- And, first President from Uttar Pradesh.
Let’s have a look at Ram Nath Kovind’s profile
- DOB – October 1, 1945
- Birthplace – Parokh village in Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh
- Spouse – Savita Kovind
- Children – Prashant Kumar, Swati
- Education – B.com and LLB from Kanpur University
- Profession – Advocated, BJP Politician
- Designation prior to President – Governor of Bihar (Aug, 2015 – June, 2017)
- Other Presidencies – BJP Dalit Morcha (1998-2002) and President of the All-India Koli Samaj as well as the SC/ST representative at IIM-Calcutta.
Appointments and Career
- In 1971, he was enrolled as an advocate in bar council of Delhi.
- From 1977 to 1979, he worked as Central Government Advocate in the Delhi High Court.
- In 1977-1978, he served as the personal assistant of Prime Minister of India Morarji Desai in 1977-1978.
- From 1980 to 1993, he acted as the Central Government standing counsel in the Supreme Court.
- He was elected as the Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha from Uttar Pradesh for two terms (1994-2000 & 2000-2006).
- In 2002 he had represented India in the United Nations in New York and addressed United Nations General Assembly.
- As a member of parliament, he visited Thailand, Nepal, Pakistan, Singapore, Germany, Switzerland, France, the United Kingdom and the United States on study tours.
- He is a former President of the BJP Dalit Morcha (1998-2002) and President of the All-India Koli Samaj.
- He has served on the Board of management of Dr B.R Ambedkar University, Lucknow and as on the Board of Governors of IIM Calcutta.
As an advocate he provided free legal aid to weaker sections of society, women and the poor under the Free Legal Aid Society in New Delhi.
Some Important Facts Related to Presidential Elections
- The Election process of President of India has been mentioned in Article 54 and 55 of Indian Constitution.
- The tenure of Indian President is 5 years.
- The President of India is the head of the State and also the Commander-in-Chief of the country’s armed forces.
- Value of Vote of an MLA = State Population / (1000 X Total no. of elected MLA’s)
- On the basis of the above formula, the value of the vote of an MLA from UP has the highest value and that from Sikkim the lowest.
- Value of Vote of an MP = Total value of votes of MLA’s of all States / Total no. of elected MP’s (LS + RS)
Key facts about past Presidents of India
List of Presidents of India
Till date, India has 13 full-time Presidents and 3 acting Presidents.
- After the sudden death of Zakir Husain in office on May 03, 1969, the then Vice President of India, VV Giri named as the acting. Later, V V Giri resigned from both the posts, viz, acting President and Vice-President. Then, Chief Justice of India M. M. Hidayatullah, served as the President of India for a short period from 20 July to 24 August 1969.
Indian Constitution says, in the absence of the President and Vice-President, the CJI should act as the President.
- On Feb 11, 1977, the 5th full-time President of India Dr Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed, passed away in office, then Basappa Danappa Jatti became Acting President of India from 11, passed away in office, then Basappa Danappa Jatti became Acting President of India from 11th Feb – 5th July 1977.
Hope you have learnt today.
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