Parts of Speech (Part 1b) – Nouns (Part 2)

Nouns Rules

 

Hello Readers

As we have already discussed about basic concept of Nouns yesterday. Today we will discuss about some rules of nouns which will help us to crack questions of errors in exams. 

So let’s start discussing the topic.

 

  • Subject Verb Agreement

In a sentence, subject and verbs must be used according to their forms i.e. either they both be in Singular form or in Plural form.

 

Example –

  • Ram comes

(Singular subject) (Singular Verb)

  • They come

(Plural Subject) (Plural Verb)

 

 

Difference between Nouns and Verbs:

  • Nouns + s/es   Plural Form
  • Verb + s/es      Singular Form

 

Let’s discuss some Rules based on Subject Verb Agreement

 

Rule 1

If two subjects are combined with ‘and’, then Verb should be used in Plural Form.

Nouns Rules N2 2

 

Example –

John and Messy are coming.

                  (Plural Verb)

 

Rule 2

IF two Nouns or Adjectives are combined with ‘and’, but it represents one person, thing or idea, then Verb should be used in Singular Form.

Nouns Rules N2 3

 

Example –

  • Paul who is my friend, idol and teacher has arrived
  • Slow and steady wins the race.

 

Rule 3

If two Uncountable Nouns are combined together with ‘and’, representing the two different Subjects of the Sentence, then Verb should be used in Plural Form.

 

Example –

Hard work and Success come together.

(Uncountable Noun) (Uncountable Noun) (Plural Verb)

Nouns Rules N2 4

 

Rule 4

If two subjects are combined with – ‘as well as’, ‘with’, ‘along with’, ‘together with’, ‘and not’, ‘In addition to’, ‘but’, ‘besides’, ‘except’, ‘rather than’, ‘accompanied by’, ‘like’, ‘unlike’, ‘no less than’, ‘nothing but’ etc. then Verb should be used according to the First Subject of the Sentence.

 

Example – 

N2 5

 

Rule 5

If article is used in only before 1st Subject, then it represents one person or thing. So, Singular Verb should be used.

 

Example-

A blue and green dress was bought by her.

                            (Singular Verb)

If article is used before every Subject, then it represents different person or thing. So, Plural Verb should be used.

 

Example –

The coach and the player have come.

                                 (Plural Verb)

 

Rule 6

If two subjects are combined with ‘neither-nor’, ‘either-or’, ‘not only-but also’, ‘nor’, ‘or’, ‘none-but’, ‘not only-but also’ etc., then Verb should be used according to the nearest Subject.

 

Example –

Neither Akshay nor Karan had come.

                    (Singular Subject) (Singular Verb)

Either he or his parents have come

                (Plural subject) (Plural Verb)

 

Rule 7

Verb should be used according to the Main Subject of the sentence.

 

Example-

The quality of products is very high.

The idea of workers has been accepted by the management.

 

Rule 8

Singular Verb should be used with Collective Nouns

 

Example –

The team has taken its decision.

    (Singular Subject) (Singular Verb) (Singular Pronoun)

 

The herd of cows is grazing in the field.

    (Singular Subject) (Singular Verb)

 

Note –

If there is conflict between Collective nouns i.e. difference in the decisions, then Plural Verb and Plural Pronoun should be used.

The jury are divided in their opinions.

             (Plural Verb)  (Plural Pronoun)

 

Rule 9

The sentence which starts with – If, as if, as though, suppose, I wish etc., Plural Verb should be used with the Subject.

 

Example- 

I wish, I were doctor.

If she were rich, he would go to the school.

 

Rule 10

If ‘Amount of/ Quantity of’ is used with Uncountable Nouns, then Singular Verb should be used.

 

Example-

The amount of money are not sufficient. (Incorrect)

The amount of money is not sufficient. (Correct)

 

With this, we will finish this topic.

We will upload Quiz on Nouns in Today’s Cracking Session at 6 p.m.

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